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Apostolic Doctrine

The purpose of this study is to examine the true doctrines taught by the Apostles and compare them to the prevalent teachings in the church today, we will be answering the following questions.

  • What was the apostolic movement?
  • What did the apostles teach?
  • What was the great commission?
  • How was the new covenant assembly built?
  • Why did the apostles do signs and wonders?
  • Did the apostles and disciples keep the law?
  • Did the apostles teach the law was done away with?
  • What were the guidelines for new gentile believers?
  • What is the patients of the saints?

The main objective of this analysis will be to see if the popular doctrines in the church are based on truth, or man inspired, based on paganism, traditions, and erroneous interpretations.

    Simon Peter answered, “You are the Anointed, the Son of the living Elohim.” Yahshua answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Yonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. I ALSO TELL YOU THAT YOU ARE PETER, AND ON THIS ROCK I WILL BUILD MY ASSEMBLY, and the gates of grave will not prevail against it. I will give to you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven; and whatever you release on earth will have been released in heaven.” Then he charged the disciples that they should tell no one that he is Yahshua the Anointed. (Matthew 16:16-20 RNEB)

The anointed said he would build his church on Peter, he would be the head. He was charging Peter with the position of leading the new apostolic movement to share the truth about Yahshua the Anointed. The giving of the keys to the kingdom was a direct inference to the authority he had given the Apostles, binding and loosing was always equated to prohibiting and permitting. In other words, Peter was given the authority to bind and loose concerning matters arising in the early assembly, similar to a position a priest may have had in the old covenant to judge a matter according to the law. One example of this within the early assembly is seen in Acts 15 during the controversy concerning whether gentiles should be admitted into the fellowship without first being circumcised. After the apostles and elders convened in Yerushalayim, Peter showed an example of loosing when he ruled that since both Jew and gentiles were saved by faith in the atonement offering of the anointed that circumcision would not be required of the gentile converts (Acts 15:9). Then James, the pastor of the assembly at Yerushalayim gave an example of binding when he required the believing gentiles to abstain from the four characteristic practices of the pagans (Acts 15:13,20).

    So when they had eaten their breakfast, Yahshua said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of Yonah, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Master; you know that I have affection for you.” He said to him, “Feed my lambs.” (John 21:15 RNEB)

The only lambs that Yahshua had were people, those who inquired about receiving eternal life.

    He said to him again a second time, “Simon, son of Yonah, do you love me?” He said to him, “Yes, Master; you know that I have affection for you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.” He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of Yonah, do you have affection for me?” Peter was grieved because he asked him the third time, “Do you have affection for me?” He said to him, “Master, you know everything. You know that I have affection for you.” Yahshua said to him, “Feed my sheep. (John 21:16-17 RNEB)

Simon Peter was told he would build the new covenant assembly, he would be the driving force, and we know all the apostles had the same mission. When we consider the things that are practiced in most religious bodies we see they are not consistent with apostolic doctrine, for example things such as the cross, crucifix, and the pagan holidays such as Christmas, Easter, Halloween, Sunday worship and others are all contrary to apostolic doctrine. There are many other practices that can be cited that the church has adopted that are pagan in origin and centered on idolatry and tradition which are opposed to apostolic doctrine. We must build our relationship with the El-Elyon based on his instructions and mandates not what we consider righteous.

    But the eleven disciples went into the Galil, to the mountain where Yahshua had sent them. When they saw him, they bowed down to him, but some doubted. Yahshua came to them and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. THEREFORE GO, AND MAKE DISCIPLES OF ALL NATIONS, IMMERSING THEM IN THE NAME of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amein. (Matthew 28:16-20 RNEB)

This is the great commission, and one of the first things he told the apostles to do, who were led by Peter is to go and teach. As new covenant believers we have to find a very methodical and strategic approach to teaching and presenting the word of Elohim from the scriptures so that the process to receiving eternal life is understandable, then once it’s presented those that believe must be purified in the name of Yahshua the Anointed as we have seen demonstrated throughout the book of Acts.

    Then they returned to Yerushalayim from the mountain called Olivet, which is near Yerushalayim, a Sabbath day’s journey away. When they had come in, they went up into the upper room, where they were staying; that is Peter, Yochanan, Jacob, Andrew, Philip, T’oma, Bar-Talmai, Mattityahu, Jacob Ben-Chalfai, Simon the Zealot, and Judah the son of Jacob. All these with one accord continued steadfastly in prayer and supplication, along with the women, and Miriam the mother of Yahshua, and with his brothers. In these days, Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples (and the number of names was about one hundred twenty), and said, “Brothers, it was necessary that this Scripture should be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judah, who was guide to those who took Yahshua. For he was numbered with us, and received his portion in this ministry. Now this man obtained a field with the reward for his wickedness, and falling headlong, his body burst open, and all his intestines gushed out. It became known to everyone who lived in Yerushalayim that in their language that field was called ‘Chakal-Dama,’ that is, ‘The field of blood.’ For it is written in the book of Psalms, ‘Let his habitation be made desolate. Let no one dwell therein;’ and, ‘Let another take his office.’ (Acts 1:12-20 RNEB)

There quoting from prophecy about the traitor Judah Iskriot, because they are going to replace him and any changes or practices have to be found in the word of Elohim. They knew they just couldn’t do what seemed right in their own eyes, so Peter went to the scrolls of the prophets and showed that according to the prophecy another was to take his place, so they were going to select a replacement.

    “Of the men therefore who have accompanied us all the time that Master Yahshua went in and out among us, beginning from the immersion of Yochanan, to the day that he was received up from us, of these one must become a witness with us of his resurrection.” They put forward two, Yosef called Bar-Sabba, who was surnamed Justus, and Mattityah. They prayed, and said, “You, Master, who know the hearts of all men, show which one of these two you have chosen to take part in this ministry and office of emissary from which Judah fell away, that he might go to his own place.” They drew lots for them, and the lot fell on Mattityah, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles. (Acts 1:22-26 RNEB)

There needed to be twelve apostles to go out and minister, one was lost so they had to replace him with someone who was a witness to the resurrection, Mattityah was the one selected.

    Now when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all with one accord in one place. Suddenly there came from the sky a sound like the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. Tongues like fire appeared and were distributed to them, and one sat on each of them. They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other languages, as the Spirit gave them the ability to speak. Now there were dwelling in Yerushalayim Hebrews, devout men, from every nation under the sky. When this sound was heard, the multitude came together, and were bewildered, because everyone heard them speaking in his own language. (Acts 2:1-6 RNEB)

The Spirit is coming on the apostles according to the prophecy and promise that Yahshua made.

    But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you. You will be witnesses to me in Yerushalayim, in all Judah and Samaria, and to the uttermost parts of the earth.” (Acts 1:8 RNEB)

The Spirit came on Pentecost, the feast of weeks, which was mandatory for all Hebrews to observe. To keep this feast all the Hebrews that were scattered abroad in different nations were coming into Yerushalayim. This was an ideal time for the Spirit to fall on the apostles and speak to the people about the New Covenant. The message was presented in their own tongues, languages the apostles did not speak, as a sign to show them the message they were hearing was of Elohim.

    They were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, “Behold, aren’t all these who speak from the Galil? How do we hear, everyone in our own native language? (Acts 2:7-8 RNEB)

Speaking in tongues is no more than speaking in another language that was not understood by the speaker, however it was by the hearer.

    Parthians, Madai, Elamites, and people from Aram-Naharayim, Judah, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the parts of Libya around Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Hebrews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians: we hear them speaking in our languages the mighty works of Elohim!” They were all amazed, and were perplexed, saying one to another, “What does this mean?” Others, mocking, said, “They are filled with new wine.” (Acts 2:9-13 RNEB)
    “Men of Yisra’el, hear these words! Yahshua of Nazareth, a man approved by Elohim to you by mighty works and wonders and signs which Elohim did by him in the midst of you, even as you yourselves know, him, being delivered up by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of Elohim, you have taken by the hand of lawless men, crucified and killed; (Acts 2:22-23 RNEB)
    “Let all the house of Yisra’el therefore know certainly that Elohim has made him both Master and the Anointed, this Yahshua whom you crucified.” Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?” Peter said to them, “Repent, and be purified, every one of you, in the name of Yahshua the Anointed for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For to you is the promise, and to your children, and to all who are far off, even as many as YAH our Elohim will call to himself.” With many other words he testified, and exhorted them, saying, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation!” Then those who gladly received his word were purified. There were added that day about three thousand souls. THEY CONTINUED STEADFASTLY IN THE APOSTLES’ TEACHING and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and prayer. (Acts 2:36-42 RNEB)

The Apostles did have a teaching, a doctrine ordained by Elohim.

    Fear came on every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. (Acts 2:43 RNEB)

The reason the apostles were doing signs and wonders was as a sign to the non believers that Elohim was supporting their doctrine, so they would become believers. We need to understand the apostle were going to Hebrews that were sacrificing animals for the last 1600 years, and now they were being told they no longer needed to, they just had to have faith in the atonement offering of Yahshua the Anointed and be purified in his name for the remission of sins to enter the covenant. These signs are no longer required today because we’re already under a messianic order, we don’t see people sacrificing animals for their sins any more. For a better understanding of the old testament process and how it changed under the new review the studies on┬áThe Blood Passage.

    All who believed were together, and had all things in common. They sold their possessions and goods, and distributed them to all, according as anyone had need. Day by day, continuing steadfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home, they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart, praising Elohim, and having favor with all the people. YAH added to the assembly day by day those who were being saved. (Acts 2:44-47 RNEB)
    But a certain man named Chananyah, with Shappirah, his wife, sold a possession, and kept back part of the price, his wife also being aware of it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles’ feet. But Peter said, “Chananyah, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the land? While you kept it, didn’t it remain your own? After it was sold, wasn’t it in your power? How is it that you have conceived this thing in your heart? You haven’t lied to men, but to Elohim.” Chananyah, hearing these words, fell down and died. Great fear came on all who heard these things. The young men arose and wrapped him up, and they carried him out and buried him. About three hours later, his wife, not knowing what had happened, came in. Peter answered her, “Tell me whether you sold the land for so much.” She said, “Yes, for so much.” But Peter asked her, “How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of YAH? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.” She fell down immediately at his feet, and died. The young men came in and found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her by her husband. Great fear came on the whole assembly, and on all who heard these things. (Acts 5:1-11 RNEB)

Chananyah and Shappirah were killed because they vowed to give money to help build the new covenant ministries and held back some of the money. A few things were happening, this was a free-will offering so they didn’t have to promise the entire sale price of the property as an offering, but they did promise the entire amount and didn’t give it. Under the laws and ordinances of Elohim once we make a vow or promise we must keep it, breaking an oath or promise to a brother is looked on as breaking a promise directly made to Elohim. Once they reasoned in their hearts to hold back some of the funds they both agreed to lie about how much they received, another sin. They claimed to be true followers of Elohim, however the works of their hand told a different story, and they paid for it with their lives. Once you have been purified in the name of Yahshua and all your past sins have been blotted out there no longer remains a sacrifice for sin, just a fierce anticipation of judgment (Hebrews 10:26-27). The new covenant process was new, yet everyone that entered the covenant understood what they were doing, what were seeing here is an extreme and immediate judgment that certainly was an example to the assembly and all others present that this was a serious commitment . The spirit that took their life is the same one killing people in the old testament. Man cannot stand in the way of Elohim’s directives, especially through deception.

    But the High Priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy, and laid hands on the apostles, and put them in public custody. But an angel of YAH opened the prison doors by night, and brought them out, and said, “Go stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.” When they heard this, they entered into the temple about daybreak, and taught. But the High Priest came, and those who were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Yisra’el, and sent to the prison to have them brought. But the officers who came didn’t find them in the prison. They returned and reported, “We found the prison shut and locked, and the guards standing before the doors, but when we opened them, we found no one inside!” Now when the High Priest, the captain of the temple, and the chief priests heard these words, they were very perplexed about them and what might become of this. One came and told them, “BEHOLD, THE MEN WHOM YOU PUT IN PRISON ARE IN THE TEMPLE, STANDING AND TEACHING THE PEOPLE.” Then the captain went with the officers, and brought them without violence, for they were afraid that the people might stone them. When they had brought them, they set them before the council. The High Priest questioned them, saying, “Didn’t we strictly charge you not to teach in this name? Behold, YOU HAVE FILLED YERUSHALAYIM WITH YOUR TEACHING, AND INTEND TO BRING THIS MAN’S BLOOD ON US.” But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey Elohim rather than men. (Acts 5:17-29 RNEB)

The apostles were not going to jeopardize their directive to do what man considers right, which is exactly what Christendom has done. They are composed of over 2000 different denominations and offer over 20,000 ways to worship elohim, it would be absolutely impossible for them to be following apostolic doctrine which only teaches one way to serve El-Elyon [Most High].

    The Elohim of our fathers raised up Yahshua, whom you killed, hanging him on a tree. Elohim exalted him with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, to give repentance to Yisra’el, and remission of sins. We are His witnesses of these things; and so also is the Holy Spirit, whom Elohim has given to those who obey him.” But they, when they heard this, were cut to the heart, and determined to kill them. But one stood up in the council, a Pharisee named Gamli’el, a teacher of the Torah, honored by all the people, and commanded to put the apostles out for a little while. He said to them, “You men of Yisra’el, be careful concerning these men, what you are about to do. For before these days Todah rose up, making himself out to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves: who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were dispersed, and came to nothing. After this man, Judah of the Galil rose up in the days of the enrollment, and drew away some people after him. He also perished, and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered abroad. Now I tell you, withdraw from these men, and leave them alone. For if this counsel or this work is of men, it will be overthrown. But if it is of Elohim, you will not be able to overthrow it, and you would be found even to be fighting against Elohim!” They agreed with him. Summoning the apostles, they beat them and charged them not to speak in the name of Yahshua, and let them go. They therefore departed from the presence of the council, REJOICING THAT THEY WERE COUNTED WORTHY TO SUFFER DISHONOR FOR YAHSHUA’S NAME. Every day, in the temple and at home, they never stopped teaching and preaching Yahshua, the Anointed. (Acts 5:30-42 RNEB)

Very few speak in the name of Yahshua today, most speak in the name of Jesus which is a Greek Latin hybrid for Yahshua. The reason this name was created is to conform to the Greeks. For a detailed study of the translation, etymology, and history of the name read the study on The Name of Salvation.

    Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment, a devout man, and one who feared Elohim with all his house, who gave gifts for the needy generously to the people, and always prayed to Elohim. At about the ninth hour of the day, he clearly saw in a vision an angel of Elohim coming to him, and saying to him, “Cornelius!” He, fastening his eyes on him, and being frightened, said, “What is it, Master?” He said to him, “Your prayers and your gifts to the needy have gone up for a memorial before Elohim. Now send men to Yafo, and get Simon, who is surnamed Peter. (Acts 10:1-5 RNEB)

The angel told Cornelius that his prayers have been heard and to send for Peter.

    On the next day they entered into Caesarea. Cornelius was waiting for them, having called together his relatives and his near friends. When it happened that Peter entered, Cornelius met him, fell down at his feet, and worshiped him. But Peter raised him up, saying, “Stand up! I myself am also a man.” As he talked with him, he went in and found many gathered together. He said to them, “You yourselves know how it is an unlawful thing for a man who is a Hebrew to join himself or come to one of another nation, but Elohim has shown me that I shouldn’t call any man unholy or unclean. (Acts 10:24-28 RNEB)

This is a very clear indication that Peter was still keeping the laws as it relates to separation. It took the Spirit of Elohim to tell Peter during this messianic time period that this part of the law had changed, it had to if the good news was going to be preached to the gentiles. The Apostles would only change their practices based on commandments, which are clearly written in scripture. Therefore, this means that under apostolic doctrine, they were continuing to observe the laws and ordinances of El-Elyon and not deviating from them.

    Now the apostles and the brothers who were in Judah heard that the Gentiles had also received the word of Elohim. When Peter had come up to Yerushalayim, those who were of the circumcision contended with him, saying, “You went in to uncircumcised men, and ate with them!” (Acts 11:1-3 RNEB)

They confronted Peter about going to the gentiles because he transgressed the law of Elohim. Therefore, not only was Peter concerned about deviating from the laws and ordinances of Elohim, but all the elders and leaders in Yerushalayim were also. The new covenant assembly was following the laws and ordinances of El-Elyon unless the Spirit came to show them that one had changed. In this case, part of the great commission was to take the word into all the world, which could not be done effectively if they kept the law of separation. Through the Spirit Elohim was telling them that all men could now become clean through Yahshua the Anointed.

    If then Elohim gave to them the same gift as us, when we believed in Master Yahshua the Anointed, who was I, that I could withstand Elohim?” When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified Elohim, saying, “Then Elohim has also granted to the Gentiles repentance to life!” (Acts 11:17-18 RNEB)

Peter had to explain to the elders and apostles in Yerushalayim why he transgressed the law, after he explained it to them, they found his actions were acceptable because it was a directive from Elohim.

    Some men came down from Judah and taught the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised after the custom of Moshe, you can’t be saved.” Therefore when Shaul and Barnabas had no small discord and discussion with them, they appointed Shaul and Barnabas, and some others of them, to go up to Yerushalayim to the apostles and elders about this question. (Acts 15:1-2 RNEB)

They were going up to a new covenant assembly to ask a question about circumcision, they didn’t go to an old covenant assembly because they already knew what they would say about the gentiles.

    They, being sent on their way by the assembly, passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles. They caused great joy to all the brothers. When they had come to Yerushalayim, they were received by the assembly and the apostles and the elders, and they reported all things that Elohim had done with them. But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them, and to charge them to keep the Torah of Moshe.” The apostles and the elders were gathered together to see about this matter. When there had been much discussion, Peter rose up and said to them, “Brothers, you know that a good while ago Elohim made a choice among you, that by my mouth the nations should hear the word of the Good News, and believe. Elohim, who knows the heart, testified about them, giving them the Holy Spirit, just like he did to us. He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. Now therefore why do you tempt Elohim, that you should put a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? (Acts 15:5-10 RNEB)
    After they were silent, Jacob answered, “Brothers, listen to me. Simon has reported how Elohim first visited the nations, to take out of them a people for his name. (Acts 15:13-14 RNEB)
    All his works are known to Elohim from the beginning of the age.’ “Therefore my judgment is that we don’t trouble those from among the Gentiles who turn to Elohim, (Acts 15:18-19 RNEB)

Shaul and Barnabas were received by the assembly in Yerushalayim, lets look at some of the people who would have been there:

  • James – Who wrote the book of James
  • Simon Peter – Who wrote I, II Peter
  • John – Who wrote I, II, III John and the book of Revelation
  • Matthew – Who wrote the book of Matthew.

All the other Apostles and elders would have also been there.

All the apostles and elders are coming together to outline how there going to engraft in the gentiles and what types of laws and ordinances would initially be imposed on them, because they were not the natural seed of Yisrael. It’s not that they would have a different set of laws to follow, but since they were not raised in the culture they had to determine what initial standard they would expect them to uphold until they had learned all the laws and ordinances of Elohim.

    but that we write to them that they abstain from the pollution of idols, from sexual immorality, from what is strangled, and from blood. (Acts 15:20 RNEB)

They decided initially that first, they must abstain from idols, don’t we see all sorts of idolatry in Christianity today? Crosses, Statues, and the worshiping of the son [Jesus] in place of the Father. Then they had to abstain from all sexual immoralities, foods strangled, and from blood, the last two are both part of the dietary law, which means no rare or medium rare meats, everything needs to be well cooked so there is no blood. How many religious bodies today keep even these few basic guidelines?

    For Moshe from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath.” (Acts 15:21 RNEB)

The rest of the laws would be taught to the gentiles on the Sabbath day in the synagogues where there were teachers of the law. In other words, they were given basic guidelines and were expected to follow the all the laws and ordinances of Elohim as they learned them by sitting under a teacher of the law in the synagogue on the Sabbath.

    Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole assembly, to choose men out of their company, and send them to Antioch with Shaul and Barnabas: Judah called Bar-Sabba, and Sila, chief men among the brothers. (Acts 15:22 RNEB)

The apostles and elders came into agreement that these would be the initial guidelines that the gentiles would be expected to follow until they learned the ordinances of the law in the synagogue on the Sabbath.

    He came to Derbe and Lystra: and behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a Jewess who believed; but his father was a Greek. The brothers who were at Lystra and Iconium gave a good testimony about him. Shaul wanted to have him go out with him, and he took and circumcised him because of the Jews who were in those parts; for they all knew that his father was a Greek. AS THEY WENT ON THEIR WAY THROUGH THE CITIES, THEY DELIVERED THE DECREES TO THEM TO KEEP WHICH HAD BEEN ORDAINED BY THE APOSTLES AND ELDERS WHO WERE AT YERUSHALAYIM. (Acts 16:1-4 RNEB)

They sent them the rules and regulations on how the new covenant assemblies would be established, this was apostolic doctrine.

    Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a Jewish synagogue. Shaul, AS WAS HIS CUSTOM, WENT IN TO THEM, AND FOR THREE SABBATH DAYS REASONED WITH THEM FROM THE SCRIPTURES, explaining and demonstrating that the Anointed had to suffer and rise again from the dead, and saying, “This Yahshua, whom I proclaim to you, is the Anointed.” (Acts 17:1-3 RNEB)

Shaul taught in the synagogue on the Sabbath, the seventh day, and we just read the gentiles had to go there to learn the laws. Therefore, Shaul himself was teaching about Yahshua out of the law books. It’s important we understand that at this time there was no new testament to read. The apostles always taught out of the old testament and all references to study and scripture in the books we call the new testament were referring to the old testament. This event occurred 20 years after the anointed’s death, and what we read about the council of Yerushalayim in Acts fifteen happened 19 years after the anointed. So apostolic doctrine included following the laws and precepts of Elohim that were laid down in the first five books of scripture known as the Torah. Most religious bodies teach that the law was done away with, which is just the opposite of what we see the apostles and elders teaching and enforcing in new covenant assemblies.

    After these things Shaul departed from Athens, and came to Korint. He found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, who had recently come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome. He came to them, and because he practiced the same trade, he lived with them and worked, for by trade they were tent makers. He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded Jews and Greeks. (Acts 18:1-4 RNEB)

Here we have Greeks in the synagogues with the Hebrews, as it was decreed at the council of Yerushalayim.

    But when Sila and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Shaul was compelled by the Spirit, testifying to the Jews that Yahshua was the Anointed. When they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook out his clothing and said to them, “Your blood be on your own heads! I am clean. From now on, I will go to the Gentiles!” He departed there, and went into the house of a certain man named Justus, one who worshiped Elohim, whose house was next door to the synagogue. Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Master with all his house. Many of the Corinthians, when they heard, believed and were purified. (Acts 18:5-8 RNEB)

These were Corinthians, Shaul wrote two letters to this assembly.

    The Master said to Shaul in the night by a vision, “Don’t be afraid, but speak and don’t be silent; for I am with you, and no one will attack you to harm you, for I have many people in this city.” He lived there a year and six months, teaching the word of Elohim among them. (Acts 18:9-11 RNEB)

Shaul stayed with them 18 month’s teachings and helping to build the assembly.

    But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews with one accord rose up against Shaul and brought him before the judgment seat, saying, “This man persuades men to worship Elohim contrary to the Torah.” But when Shaul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Hebrews, “If indeed it were a matter of wrong or of wicked crime, you Jews, it would be reasonable that I should bear with you; (Acts 18:12-14 RNEB)

Shaul was being accused of worshipping Elohim contrary to the law, which was old covenant Yisrael’s problem with new covenant advocates, they didn’t understand that Shaul, the apostles, and elders were teaching people they still had to keep the law, only without the need for animal sacrifice.

    Shaul, having stayed after this many more days, took his leave of the brothers, and sailed from there for Syria, together with Priscilla and Aquila. He shaved his head in Cenchreae, for he had a vow. (Acts 18:18 RNEB)

Shaul had taken a Nazarite vow, found in Numbers the sixth chapter, this was a special vow of consecration under the law . The Apostles never stopped following the law, it was part of their doctrine.

    He came to Ephesus, and he left them there; but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Hebrews. When they asked him to stay with them a longer time, he declined; but taking his leave of them, and saying, “I must by all means keep this coming feast in Yerushalayim, but I will return again to you if Elohim wills,” he set sail from Ephesus. (Acts 18:19-21 RNEB)

Shaul was going to keep the upcoming feast of Elohim, which is additional evidence that he was still following the law.

    Or don’t you know that the unrighteous will not inherit the Kingdom of Elohim? Don’t be deceived. Neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor male prostitutes, nor homosexuals, (1 Corinthians 6:9 RNEB)

Unrighteousness is transgression of the law, we will either follow the law or not, if we’re righteous will do the things that are lawful and holy, if we’re unrighteous will do what is not lawful and be driven by the lust of the flesh.

    nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor slanderers, nor extortioners, will inherit the Kingdom of Elohim. Such were some of you, but you were washed. But you were sanctified. But you were justified in the name of the master Yahshua, and in the Spirit of our Elohim. (1 Corinthians 6:10-11 RNEB)

We shouldn’t fool ourselves into believing that if we’re a whore, idolater, adulterer, cross dresser, homosexual, thief, greedy, drunkard, reviler, or swindler that we will inherit eternal life. All these things are forbidden under the law and are in direct opposition to Elohim’s code of ethics.

    Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, BUT THE KEEPING OF THE COMMANDMENTS OF ELOHIM. (1 Corinthians 7:19 RNEB)

There is no reason to discuss circumcision because obedience is more important, we just need to keep the commandments of Elohim, which are found in the first five books of the bible.

    Now concerning the collection for the holy ones, as I commanded the assemblies of Galatia, you do likewise. On the first day of the week, let each one of you save, as he may prosper, that no collections be made when I come. (1 Corinthians 16:1-2 RNEB)

Christianity often uses this verse to support Sunday worship, however this is happening in the same time period that Shaul was teaching in the Synagogue on the Sabbath, the seventh day. The Sabbath runs from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday, all this verse is actually saying is that Shaul asked for a special offering that he wanted taken after the Sabbath, which meant after sundown on the seventh day. This was so the Sabbath day convocation wasn’t disturbed by the collection of offering.

    When I arrive, I will send whoever you approve with letters to carry your gracious gift to Yerushalayim. (1 Corinthians 16:3 RNEB)

This special offering was for the assembly in Yerushalayim because they were going through a famine, Shaul requested a free-will offering from other new covenant assemblies to help provide relief.

    When we had come to Yerushalayim, the brothers received us gladly. The day following, Shaul went in with us to Jacob; and all the elders were present. When he had greeted them, he reported one by one the things which Elohim had worked among the Gentiles through his ministry. They, when they heard it, glorified Elohim. They said to him, “You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Hebrews of those who have believed, and they are all zealous for the Torah. (Acts 21:17-20 RNEB)

The apostles and elders are the ones talking and were from a new covenant assembly. Not only are they excited about the thousands who have received the testimony of Yahshua but also that they were zealous about the laws and commandments of Elohim. Don’t forget what it says in Acts 15, “For Moshe from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath.” It’s clear they are all being taught the laws given to Moshe and are zealous for them, this was part of the new covenant.

    They have been informed about you, that you teach all the Jews who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moshe, telling them not to circumcise their children neither to walk after the customs. What then? The assembly must certainly meet, for they will hear that you have come. THEREFORE DO WHAT WE TELL YOU. WE HAVE FOUR MEN WHO HAVE TAKEN A VOW. Take them, and purify yourself with them, and pay their expenses for them, that they may shave their heads. Then all will know that there is no truth in the things that they have been informed about you, BUT THAT YOU YOURSELF ALSO WALK KEEPING THE TORAH. But concerning the Gentiles who believe, we have written our decision that they should observe no such thing, except that they should keep themselves from food offered to idols, from blood, from strangled things, and from sexual immorality.” (Acts 21:21-25 RNEB)

Shaul was being asked to take a Nazarite vow to show that he was not teaching a new doctrine and was still following the laws of Moshe, he also did this six years earlier. If the laws were done away with as many religious leaders teach why would this be necessary?

    Then Shaul took the men, and the next day, purified himself and went with them into the temple, declaring the fulfillment of the days of purification, until the offering was offered for every one of them. (Acts 21:26 RNEB)

The offering given for the Nazarite vow they took was the pledges hair.

    After five days, the High Priest, Chananyah, came down with certain elders and an orator, one Tertullus. They informed the governor against Shaul. When he was called, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying, “Seeing that by you we enjoy much peace, and that excellent measures are coming to this nation, we accept it in all ways and in all places, most excellent Felix, with all thankfulness. But, that I don’t delay you, I entreat you to bear with us and hear a few words. For we have found this man to be a plague, an instigator of insurrections among all the Jews throughout the world, AND A RINGLEADER OF THE SECT OF THE NAZARENE. (Acts 24:1-5 RNEB)

During this time there was a sect of the Pharisees, Sadducees, Herodians, Alexandrian’s, Ebionites, and others. They were all parts of Judaism keeping the law each with their own twist that made them unique, just as it was with the sect of the Nazarenes. The Nazarenes were those who kept the laws of Elohim, but also held the testimony of Yahshua the Anointed. In Christendom they have faith in Yahshua, however they don’t keep the laws. The sect of the Nazarenes was established by Yahshua the Anointed, and it’s what the apostles were, not Christians. For a better understanding of the Nazarenes and what Christians said about them read the study called The Nazarenes.

    seeing that you can recognize that it is not more than twelve days since I went up to worship at Yerushalayim. In the temple they didn’t find me disputing with anyone or stirring up a crowd, either in the synagogues, or in the city. Nor can they prove to you the things of which they now accuse me. But this I confess to you, that after the Way, which they call a sect, SO I SERVE THE ELOHIM OF OUR FATHERS, BELIEVING ALL THINGS WHICH ARE ACCORDING TO THE TORAH, AND WHICH ARE WRITTEN IN THE PROPHETS; (Acts 24:11-14 RNEB)

Shaul was denying the false allegations, he also made it very clear that he worshiped the Elohim of his fathers, believing all that was written in the law and the prophets. This is the foundation of apostolic doctrine, they still followed the law but held the testimony of Yahshua the Anointed as a replacement for the animal sacrificial system.

    having hope toward Elohim, which these also themselves look for, that there will be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. (Acts 24:15 RNEB)

The next scripture will explain why Shaul was accused by the old order and why accusations were made under the new order.

    Regard the patience of our Master as salvation; even as our beloved brother Shaul also, according to the wisdom given to him, wrote to you; as also in all of his letters, speaking in them of these things. In those, there are some things that are hard understand, WHICH THE IGNORANT AND UNSETTLED TWIST, AS THEY ALSO DO TO THE OTHER SCRIPTURES, TO THEIR OWN DESTRUCTION. (2 Peter 3:15-16 RNEB)

Peter is speaking about Shaul’s letters to the assemblies, most of these are in the bible and called epistles. He said Shaul’s writings were hard to understand for those who are untaught, specifically referring to those that didn’t understand the old testament law and books of the prophets. Consequently, these people would misinterpret what Shaul was trying to say. In other words, Shaul wrote with the assumption that the readers of his letters had a good knowledge of scripture, but because many didn’t an important element of what Shaul was trying to teach was hidden from the readers. For example, if I wrote a letter assuming the reader knew that everything I was writing was in the context of US federal law, and only addressed the concerns surrounding this law but never directly explained US federal law, the document would be completely out of context to the reader. There is no way the reader could properly understand what was written without being well verse in that law. Similar assumptions were made by Shaul in his writings because he always spent time teaching and building a foundation in the word of Elohim in all the new covenant assemblies he had established, which was who he was writing the letters to. As we can see from Peter’s writings there were many that did not understand, were unstable, and twisted his teaching.

    This is how we know that we know him: if we keep his commandments. ONE WHO SAYS, “I KNOW HIM,” AND DOESN’T KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS, IS A LIAR, AND THE TRUTH ISN’T IN HIM. But whoever keeps his word, Elohim’s love has most certainly been perfected in him. This is how we know that we are in him: HE WHO SAYS HE REMAINS IN HIM OUGHT HIMSELF ALSO TO WALK JUST LIKE HE WALKED. (1 John 2:3-6 RNEB)

This is being written 57 years after the Anointed’s death and Yochanan is still exhorting us to keep the commands of Elohim. Yahshua lived and taught the laws of Elohim, and we are to walk as he walked. The problem seems to be that many have no idea who the anointed really is, and that he taught directly from the books of law.

    By this we know that we love the children of Elohim, when we love Elohim and keep his commandments. For this is the love of Elohim, THAT WE KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS. HIS COMMANDMENTS ARE NOT GRIEVOUS. (1 John 5:2-3 RNEB)

This is the same thing we have been reading repeatedly, we must keep the commandments of Elohim.

    Whoever transgresses and doesn’t remain in the teaching of the Anointed, doesn’t have Elohim. He who remains in the teaching, the same has both the Father and the Son. (2 John 1:9 RNEB)

The doctrine of the Anointed is obedience, he told Satan, it is written, “man shall not live by bread alone but every word that proceeds from the mouth of the Father.”

Apostolic theology is the keeping of the commandments and having the testimony of Yahshua. When we keep the commandments we acknowledge the loyalty, servitude, and worship of the Elohim of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. When we have faith in Yahshua the Anointed we continue to acknowledge the prophecies and the laws of Elohim as we partake of the new covenant through purification in his name.

    But now in the Anointed Yahshua you who once were far off are made near in the blood of the Anointed. For he is our peace, who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, having abolished in the flesh the hostility, the Torah of commandments contained in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man of the two, making peace; and might reconcile them both in one body to Elohim through the stake, having killed the hostility thereby. He came and preached peace to you who were far off and to those who were near. For through him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but you are fellow citizens with the holy ones, and of the household of Elohim, BEING BUILT ON THE FOUNDATION OF THE APOSTLES AND PROPHETS, THE ANOINTED YAHSHUA HIMSELF BEING THE CHIEF CORNERSTONE; IN WHOM THE WHOLE BUILDING, FITTED TOGETHER, GROWS INTO A HOLY TEMPLE IN YAH; IN WHOM YOU ALSO ARE BUILT TOGETHER FOR A HABITATION OF ELOHIM IN THE SPIRIT. (Ephesians 2:13-22 RNEB)

The prophets gave testimonials concerning the disobedience of not keeping the laws of Elohim and the coming of Yahshua the Anointed.

    Shaul, an emissary (not from men, neither through man, but through Yahshua the Anointed, and Elohim the Father, who raised him from the dead), and all the brothers who are with me, to the assemblies of Galatia: (Galatians 1:1-2 RNEB)
    I marvel that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of the Anointed to a different “good news”; (Galatians 1:6 RNEB)

They were turning away to another gospel and sadly most religious bodies are doing the same today.

    and there isn’t another “good news.” Only there are some who trouble you, and want to pervert the Good News of the Anointed. (Galatians 1:7 RNEB)

Those that pervert the gospel teach that you don’t have to keep the laws of Elohim. They teach to just have faith because you’re under grace, but doesn’t this mean there is no set standard for everyone to follow. Without a standard set of instructions or laws to follow, we end up with many different opinions and beliefs which is what has occurred in Christianity.

    But even though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you any “good news” other than that which we preached to you, let him be cursed. As we have said before, so I now say again: IF ANY MAN PREACHES TO YOU ANY “GOOD NEWS” OTHER THAN THAT WHICH YOU RECEIVED, LET HIM BE CURSED. (Galatians 1:8-9 RNEB)

Apostolic doctrine is following the laws of Elohim and having the testimony of Yahshua the Anointed.

    Here is the patience of the holy ones, those who keep the commandments of Elohim, and the faith of Yahshua.” (Revelation 14:12 RNEB)

The patience of the saints is to keep the commands of Elohim and to have faith in the atoning sacrifice of Yahshua the Anointed. This is what we do to show the nations and our creator that we love and serve him. Yahshua himself said the greatest commandment is to love the Father with all our heart, all our soul, and all our mind. We do this by keeping the commandments of Elohim. Yahshua said the second was to love your neighbor as yourself, this is directly talking about the laws of morality given in the Torah, and it is like the first because by doing this, we are being obedient to the fathers commands showing our love for him.

    He said to me, “See you don’t do it! I am a fellow bondservant with you and with your brothers, the prophets, and with those who keep the words of this book. Worship Elohim.” (Revelation 22:9 RNEB)

Yochanan had tried to bow down to the angel, however the angel said he is a fellow servant and stopped him. We can only give glory to the Father, never an angel, a man, or Yahshua, to do so would be idolatry.

    BLESSED ARE THOSE WHO DO HIS COMMANDMENTS, THAT THEY MAY HAVE THE RIGHT TO THE TREE OF LIFE, AND MAY ENTER IN BY THE GATES INTO THE CITY. Outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood. (Revelation 22:14-15 RNEB)

In closing, we see that true apostolic doctrine retained many of the cultural aspects of the fathers in righteousness and did not adopt pagan customs as we see being practiced in Christianity. As we went through the scripture we discovered that the Apostles kept and defended the laws of Elohim and adhered to all the appointed times, such as Sabbath (7th day), Passover, Unleavened bread, Pentecost, Tabernacles, Trumpets, and the day of Atonement which were set forth in the first five books of the bible. The only difference between apostolic doctrine and the main line sects of Judaism was instead of animal sacrifices they had the testimony of Yahshua the Anointed.


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