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Passover – Days of Unleavened Bread

The purpose of this study is to understand the origin and purpose behind Passover and review some of the antithetical views of Christendom of why we no longer have to commemorate this day.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, "Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, ’The set feasts of YAH, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts. "’Six days shall work be done: but on the seventh day is a Shabbat of solemn rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no manner of work. It is a Shabbat to YAH in all your dwellings. "’These are the set feasts of YAH, even holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their appointed season. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, is YAH’s Passover. (Leviticus 23:1-5 HNE)

In verse five, evening is and inaccurate translation of strong’s #6153 which actually means dusk or twilight. Evening would denote the bringing in of a new day, the Hebrew day ran from evening to evening, however twilight denotes a mixture of light and dark, the transition period between one day and the next. In this period the Passover lamb is to be killed, however this is not when it is eaten.

    On the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to YAH. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. In the first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work. But you shall offer an offering made by fire to YAH seven days. In the seventh day is a holy convocation: you shall do no regular work.’" (Leviticus 23:6-8 HNE)
    YAH spoke to Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt, saying, "This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you. (Exodus 12:1-2 HNE)

Month is a term derived from moon, so we can read this as this moon shall be the beginning of moons, and it shall be the first moon of the year. The Hebrew calendar is based on lunar cycles which is different then the Gregorian calendar many follow today. What will need to determine is what moon is the first of the year.

    Speak to all the congregation of Yisra’el, saying, ’On the tenth day of this month, they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household; and if the household be too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbor next to his house shall take one according to the number of the souls; according to what everyone can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats: and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Yisra’el shall kill it at evening [twilight]. (Exodus 12:3-6 HNE)

They had to kill the lamb at twilight on the 14th day, this means they had about 30 minutes to do this before the start of the fifteenth day. This is important if were going to commemorate Passover on the proper day. Many use the inaccurate translation of evening, which denotes sundown as the time of killing the lamb, this would mean it was being killed at the start of the 14th day rather than the end.

    They shall take some of the blood, and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they shall eat it. They shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs. (Exodus 12:7-8 HNE)

So they killed the lamb at twilight and ate the meal at night on the 15th day. One of the ways we know this is they were eating the meal with unleavened bread, and the 15th day would have started the week of unleavened bread, when no leaven is to be eaten or in the house during this time.

    Don’t eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts. You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. This is how you shall eat it: with your waist girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is YAH’s Passover. (Exodus 12:9-11 HNE)

Some assemblies believe that Passover is a separate festive event within itself, however that’s not what we see in scripture. The lamb is killed on the 14th day just before sunset and the Passover meal is on the fifteenth day, the first day of unleavened bread.

    but at the place which YAH your Elohim shall choose, to cause his name to dwell in, there you shall sacrifice the Passover at even [twilight], at the going down of the sun, at the season that you came forth out of Egypt. (Deuteronomy 16:6 HNE)

Again we see the lamb is sacrificed at twilight, during the time the sun is going down on the 14th day.

    You shall roast and eat it in the place which YAH your Elohim shall choose: and you shall turn in the morning, and go to your tents. (Deuteronomy 16:7 HNE)

The place Elohim had chosen for this is Jerusalem at the temple, the last place established for all sacrifices.

    Six days you shall eat unleavened bread; and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to YAH your Elohim; you shall do no work [therein]. (Deuteronomy 16:8 HNE)

We no longer need to bring a sacrifice to commemorate Passover, because the messiah is now our Passover lamb. This also frees us to celebrate it outside of Jerusalem since we no longer need to go there to perform the sacrifice.

    In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening [twilight], is YAH’s Passover. On the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to YAH. Seven days you shall eat unleavened. In the first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work. But you shall offer an offering made by fire to YAH seven days. In the seventh day is a holy convocation: you shall do no regular work.’" (Leviticus 23:5-8 HNE)

The Sabbath convocations associated with Passover are on the first and last day of Unleavened bread. Passover was not the day before unleavened bread and in the same vain the Messiah did not die on the 14th day, but on the first day of unleavened bread.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, "Sanctify to me all of the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Yisra’el, both of man and of animal. It is mine." Moshe said to the people, "Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand YAH brought you out from this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten. This day you go forth in the month Aviv. (Exodus 13:1-4 HNE)

We see that the timing for this event is in the month of Aviv. Now remember month is moon, and Aviv means young green ears, so the moon or month of Aviv is when the barley grain has young green ears. Let’s see what the scripture says about determining this month, which begins the Hebrew new year.

    The flax and the barley were struck, FOR THE BARLEY WAS IN THE EAR, AND THE FLAX WAS IN BLOOM. (Exodus 9:31 HNE)

This is happening at the time the most high is bringing the seventh judgment of hail on Egypt. We begin to calculate Passover when the barley grain becomes Aviv, once this happened the next new moon, the conjunction moon or black moon denoted the new month and year. It is important we realize the black moon is the new moon, because some assemblies believe the sliver moon is the new moon, however it is not. We can see in Psalm 81:4 the Hebrew word is bah-kasa, which means black or covered moon. In most English renderings they use the word keh’-seh which means full moon, however in Hebrew it is rendered as the covered or black moon.

    You shall eat neither bread, nor roasted grain, nor fresh grain, until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your Elohim. This is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. (Leviticus 23:14 HNE)
    The day of unleavened bread came, on which the Passover must be sacrificed. (Luke 22:7 HNE)

In the days of antiquity this appointed time was not generally refered to as Passover but the days of unleavened bread, because the feast was for seven days, with a convocation on the first and last day.

    He sent Peter and Yochanan, saying, "Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat." They said to him, "Where do you want us to prepare?" He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters. Tell the master of the house, ’The Rabbi says to you, "Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?"’ He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there." They went, found things as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover. When the hour had come, he sat down with the twelve apostles. He said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer, for I tell you, I will no longer by any means eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of Elohim." He received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, "Take this, and share it among yourselves, for I tell you, I will not drink at all again from the fruit of the vine, until the Kingdom of Elohim comes." He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. DO THIS IN MEMORY OF ME." (Luke 22:8-19 HNE)

This was the memorial the apostles were told to keep, not Christmas or Easter.

    Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you. (Luke 22:20 HNE)
    Now on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Yahshua, saying to him, "Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?" (Matthew 26:17 HNE)

The Passover is the lamb, which is eaten on the first day of unleavened bread, It is unleavened bread that is the festive event not Passover. We no longer need to kill the lamb because the messiah fulfilled all the sacrificial offerings, however we are required to keep the convocations associated with all the holy days.

    He said, "Go into the city to a certain person, and tell him, ’The Rabbi says, "My time is at hand. I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples."’" The disciples did as Yahshua commanded them, and they prepared the Passover. (Matthew 26:18- 19 HNE)

Notice they prepared the passover, which was the lamb, not a feast day.

    NOW WHEN EVENING HAD COME, he was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples. (Matthew 26:20 HNE)

Yahshua was with his disciple at evening, the fifteenth day, having the Passover meal.

    As they were eating, he said, "Most certainly I tell you that one of you will betray me." (Matthew 26:21 HNE)
    As they were eating, Yahshua took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body." He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, "All of you drink it, for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins. (Matthew 26:26-28 HNE)

They ate on the fifteenth day, the first day of unleavened bread, the appointed convocation.

    ON THE FIRST DAY OF UNLEAVENED BREAD, WHEN THEY SACRIFICED THE PASSOVER, his disciples asked him, "Where do you want us to go and make ready that you may eat the Passover?" (Mark 14:12 HNE)
    His disciples went out, and came into the city, and found things as he had said to them, AND THEY PREPARED THE PASSOVER. WHEN IT WAS EVENING HE CAME WITH THE TWELVE. (Mark 14:16- 17 HNE)

Yahshua’s followers kept Passover after his resurrection.

    Now about that time, Herod the king stretched out his hands to oppress some of the assembly. (Acts 12:1 HNE)

This occurred in 42 CE, nine years after the messiah.

    He killed James, the brother of Yochanan, with the sword. When he saw that it pleased the Judeans, he proceeded to seize Peter also. This was during the days of unleavened bread. When he had arrested him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of four soldiers each to guard him, intending to bring him out to the people after the Passover. (Acts 12:2-4 HNE)

The King James and a few other versions use the term Easter rather than Passover, this was changed in 367 CE, Easter is after the goddess Astroth, it is a pagan fertility ritual still celebrated today by most Christians, which is symbolized by bunny rabbits and Easter eggs.

    The first book I wrote, Theophilus, concerned all that Yahshua began both to do and to teach, (Acts 1:1 HNE)

The book of acts is a letter written to Theophilus, which more than likely was a gentile convert, since he had a Greek name.

    Since many have undertaken to set in order a narrative concerning those matters which have been fulfilled among us, even as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having traced the course of all things accurately from the first, to write to you in order, most excellent Theophilus; (Luke 1:1-3 HNE)

Using most excellent before the persons name generally denoted a person of great authority. For example we can see this title used to address a governor in Acts 23:26.

    "Claudius Lysias to the most excellent governor Felix: Greetings. (Acts 23:26 HNE)

So Luke in writing the letter called the book of Acts to the most excellent Theophilus a gentile and talking about things such as festivals and specifically here Unleavened bread, the gentile converts were obviously aware of the festivals and how they needed to be kept, because they were required to do so under the Torah, the customs and ways of Yisrael.

    After the uproar had ceased, Sha’ul sent for the disciples, took leave of them, and departed to go into Macedonia. When he had gone through those parts, and had encouraged them with many words, he came into Greece. When he had spent three months there, and a plot was made against him by Jews as he was about to set sail for Syria, he determined to return through Macedonia. These accompanied him as far as Asia: Sopater of Beroea; Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians; Gaius of Derbe; Timothy; and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia. But these had gone ahead, and were waiting for us at Troas. We sailed away from Philippi AFTER THE DAYS OF UNLEAVENED BREAD, and came to them at Troas in five days, where we stayed seven days. (Acts 20:1-6 HNE)

They sailed after the days of unleavened bread, which lasted seven days. They were keeping the commandment to observe Passover, the memorialization of the death of the anointed on Aviv the fourteenth day at evening, which is the fifteenth day. This occurred in 59 CE, 26 years after the death of the anointed.

We can see the Apostles and disciples were keeping all the Holy days many years after the Messiah’s death. These commandments were never done away with, and should be practiced today.
    Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast leavens the whole lump? Purge out the old yeast, that you may be a new lump, even as you are unleavened. For indeed Messiah, our Passover, has been sacrificed in our place. Therefore LET US KEEP THE FEAST, not with old yeast, neither with the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1 Corinthians 5:6-8 HNE)

The new covenant assembly in Corinth was keeping the Feast of unleavened bread for seven days.

    But in giving you this command, I don’t praise you, that you come together not for the better but for the worse. For first of all, when you come together in the assembly, I hear that divisions exist among you, and I partly believe it. For there also must be factions among you, that those who are approved may be revealed among you. When therefore you assemble yourselves together, it is not YAH’s supper that you eat. (1 Corinthians 11:17-20 HNE)

What Sha’ul is saying is, when you come together in one place, it is not an event that were coming to just for food. Were coming on a Holy day to acknowledge an event that we were commanded to observe.

    For in your eating each one takes his own supper first. One is hungry, and another is drunken. (1 Corinthians 11:21 HNE)

Sha’ul is talking about a meal eaten in the evening, and what he is addressing is people coming and eating all the food before everyone arrives.

    What, don’t you have houses to eat and to drink in? Or do you despise Elohim’s assembly, and put them to shame who don’t have? What shall I tell you? Shall I praise you? In this I don’t praise you. For I received from the Master that which also I delivered to you, that Master Yahshua on the night in which he was betrayed took bread. When he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, "Take, eat. This is my body, which is broken for you. Do this in memory of me." In the same way he also took the cup, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink, in memory of me." (1 Corinthians 11:22- 25 RNWEB)

When we keep the Passover for seven days according to his fixed time we are doing this correctly in memory of the anointed.

    For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Master’s death until he comes. Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks the Master’s cup in a manner unworthy of the Master will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Master. (1 Corinthians 11:26-27 RNWEB)

Here unworthy means with malice [ill will, vindictiveness, revenge, evil intentions, self serving] in your heart.

    But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he doesn’t discern the Master’s body. (1 Corinthians 11:28-29 RNWEB)
    For this cause many among you are weak and sickly, and not a few sleep. For if we discerned ourselves, we wouldn’t be judged. But when we are judged, we are punished by the Master, that we may not be condemned with the world. Therefore, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait one for another. (1 Corinthians 11:30-33 RNWEB)

We need to understand this is talking about a convocation taking place during unleavened bread as mandated in the Torah. Christianity would say it was a love meal, one held after a normal Sabbath, however that’s wrong!

    But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest your coming together be for judgment. The rest I will set in order whenever I come. (1 Corinthians 11:34 HNE)

Summing Up

The holy day that were supposed to observe in this time is still called Passover, which is and appointed or fixed time.
    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, "Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, ’The set feasts of YAH, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts. (Leviticus 23:1-2 HNE)

Feast in Hebrew is moeb, which means an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose);

We cannot keep a feast when we want to, it has to be done when the most high has set the time. For Passover the time was set at Aviv 14 at evening which is the fifteenth day. This is the same day the anointed observed and kept the convocation with his disciples. It was also on the fifteenth day, later in the morning he was taken and killed.
    In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month between sundown and complete darkness, is YAH’s Passover. On the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to YAH. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. In the first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work. (Leviticus 23:5-7 RNWEB)

Yahshua observed the Passover meal at the proper time, not a day earlier like many teach. There is only one time that is acceptable to observe the Passover and partake of the memorial to the anointed. All the apostles and disciples kept the festivals as outlined in Torah.

For example Luke wrote to Theophilus saying those were the days of unleavened bread, then we seen in Acts chapter twenty, where Sha’ul and others traveled after the days of unleavened bread, we then seen in Corinthians Sha’ul saying let us not keep the feast with malice but with sincerity and truth, and finally we looked at Corinthians chapter eleven and seen them keeping the feast on the appointed time of unleavened bread.
Christianity has communion with a cracker and thimble of grape juice and they do it whenever they feel like it. This is not what we see being done in scripture. We memorialized the anointed during the time of Passover by partaking of a full meal, there is no other way this will be accepted by Elohim.

 

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