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The Sabbath

The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of YAH’s Sabbaths, the days he has commanded us to observe as a sign and symbol of our sanctification to an ecclesiastical body dedicated to the service and worship of his great sovereignty. There are nine gatherings we have been commanded to observe:

  1. The Sabbath (7th day)
  2. New Moons
  3. Unleavened Bread (1st and 7th day)
  4. Pentecost
  5. Trumpets
  6. Day of Atonement
  7. Tabernacles (1st and 8th day)

These are the appointed times that the almighty Elohim has commanded and mandated us to assemble on to hear his oracles and to be sanctified in the eyes of the nations and the divine order. All the days mentioned that we are to present ourselves are called Sabbaths, which means to cease from your labors and rest.

In this study we will mainly be looking at the weekly Sabbath and addressing the following questions:
  • What is the significant’s of the Sabbath?
  • What does Christianity say about the Sabbath?
  • What day is the Sabbath, Saturday, Sunday or another?
  • Where did the Sabbath come from?
  • What can be done on the Sabbath?

To properly present a full understanding of this subject we will be using a number of secular historical sources to properly contrast what the Most High says compared to the many erroneous views that have been taught.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, "Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, ’The set feasts of YAH, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts. (Leviticus 23:1-2)

Holy - to set-apart; consecrated, sanctified, venerated.

The Most High is the only one that can define what’s holy and unholy and he did this in the first five books of the bible known as the Torah, which means instructions. In other words the most high has provided us with an instruction manual of what’s holy and what’s not.
    "’Six days shall work be done: but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no manner of work. It is a Sabbath to YAH in all your dwellings. (Leviticus 23:3)

Convocation - The Hebrew word is mik-raw strongs# 4744 meaning, convoking, reading, a calling together, and sacred assembly.

On this set-apart sanctified day we are mandated to come together to receive a divine understanding of how to serve the most high.

Feasts - The Hebrew word is moed strongs #4150 meaning, appointed place, appointed time, and meeting.

It’s important we understand the Hebrew meaning of feast, because it denotes that at a specific place, at a specific time there is to be a meeting. This meeting or assembly was set by the Most High and not man, so man cannot change what has already been ordained. For example, if the president of the United States has setup a series of conferences at the white house for specific dates and called the news media to attend, however most of the news media decided the dates and location were inconvenient so they changed them to something more to there liking.

What we need to ask ourselves:

  • Will the president recognize these dates?
  • Will the president show up for these events?
  • Will the president be happy that no one showed up at his mandated events?

Now after thinking about this, do you think the Most High will sanctify a day or time he didn’t command or look at it as rebellion? By holding a different meeting on a different day, wouldn’t we be just not showing up at the properly mandated events and ignoring the commands of the Most High? So who would be his children, the ones that show up to his events or the ones that set there own?

The Most High gave us appointed times and meetings to come together as an assembly, he told us these days were sanctified and would be a sign or mark. Now we have an ecclesiastical system that says there going to keep weekly Sabbath on the first day, Sunday rather than the seventh day, Saturday, and celebrate Easter instead of Passover, they ignore all the Most Highs other appointed times and create there own holidays that seem right to them. In other words they did what was righteous in there own eyes effectively trying to sanctify themselves outside the precepts and ordinances of the Most High. So though they may be righteous in there own eyes they are unrighteous and unholy in the eyes of YAH.
    When they shall blow them, all the congregation shall gather themselves to you at the door of the tent of meeting. (Numbers 10:3)

In the Hebrew this literally says, When you blow the Shofar, the assembly must gather themselves at the tabernacle. The thing to remember is they had to assemble, it was not a request but a command.

    He has violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden; he has destroyed his place of assembly: YAH has caused solemn assembly and Sabbath to be forgotten in Tziyon, Has despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the Priest. (Lamentations 2:6)

Everyone was not assembling at the temple, there were various houses of assembly throughout Jerusalem, now known as synagogues. According to secular information there were about 480 tabernacles where people assembled to hold there convocation, yet the command of the Most High required they all assemble at just one temple, the house of Elohim, the temple Solomon built.

The Most High was saying I’m going to tear down my house and the small tabernacles your meeting in because your not learning anything, I’m not seeing a change, your not being obedient. This was written by Jeremiah the prophet, and fulfilled by Nebuchadnezzar who came into Jerusalem and knocked the city down twice.
    They said in their heart, "We will crush them completely." They have burned up all the places in the land where Elohim was worshiped. (Psalms 74:8)

The places of worship which started to be called synagogues in Alexander’s time, appear to originate with King Yehoshaphat, in conjunction with when he sent priests throughout the land because the people were not learning and did not understand the law, before this there were no teaching priests in the land. Yisrael was following false elohim’s and it was because there were no teachers of the Most High in the land, we have a similar situation today, there is a lot of teaching being put before the nations, however it is not sound scriptural doctrine, and it is leading the people away from the true Elohim.

We have looked at the law in Leviticus 1:1-3, now lets take a moment and see when the Sabbath was introduced in scripture.
    In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. Elohim’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters. (Genesis 1:1-2)

Angels were creating and the planet was all water in the beginning. If the idea that angels were creating is opposed to views you have heard in the past read the series The Malachem on the ministry of the divine order.

    Elohim said, "Let there be light," and there was light. Elohim saw the light, and saw that it was good. Elohim divided the light from the darkness. Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. There was evening and there was morning, one day. Elohim said, "Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters." Elohim made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. Elohim called the expanse sky. There was evening and there was morning, a second day. (Genesis 1:3-8)

There were waters above and beneath, so until the time of the flood the earth had a layer of water surrounding it.

    Elohim said, "Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear;" and it was so. Elohim called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters he called Seas. Elohim saw that it was good. Elohim said, "Let the earth put forth grass, herbs yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with its seed in it, on the earth;" and it was so. The earth brought forth grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with its seed in it, after their kind; and Elohim saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a third day. Elohim said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of sky to divide the day from the night; AND LET THEM BE FOR SIGNS, AND FOR SEASONS, AND FOR DAYS AND YEARS; (Genesis 1:9-14)

Elohim added light in verse one, but he is going to do something different in the forth day, he’s going to add something and create something new.

    and let them be for lights in the expanse of sky to give light on the earth;" and it was so. Elohim made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. Elohim set them in the expanse of sky to give light to the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. Elohim saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day. (Genesis 1:15-19)

Elohim created these things in the first day, however what he did was gave us our calendar in the fourth day, the calendar used for signs, seasons, days, and years. This calendar was for us, however man has chosen to no longer follow his calendar and is now on a Gregorian calendar setup by Rome. Though all the appointed times of Elohim must be based on his calendar.

In Psalms 104:19 David says Elohim gave the moon specifically for seasons. There are many that try to plot holy days according to equinoxes and the such, however were specifically told that the moons lunar cycles were to be our calendar.
    Elohim said, "Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of sky." Elohim created the large sea creatures, and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. Elohim saw that it was good. Elohim blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. Elohim said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind, livestock, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind;" and it was so. (Genesis 1:20-24)

Everything was created in good order, he was bringing lower or lesser beasts on the sixth day. These were domestic beasts that we could cohabitate with, unlike the ones created on the fifth day.

    Elohim made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the livestock after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. Elohim saw that it was good. Elohim said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." (Genesis 1:25-26)

Animals were made to be in subjection to man and they will not be brought back in the resurrection. The only ones being brought back will be those that have to give account for their iniquity. This is why Solomon said, who knows the Spirit of man who goes outward and the spirit of a beast that goes downward. Both man and animal have one breath, so one has no preeminence over another, however man will be resurrected, animals were created before man to nurture the earth, and do the things they do to make the conditions of the earth livable for us.

    The heavens and the earth were finished, and all their vast array. On the seventh day Elohim finished his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. ELOHIM BLESSED THE SEVENTH DAY, AND MADE IT HOLY, BECAUSE HE RESTED IN IT FROM ALL HIS WORK WHICH HE HAD CREATED AND MADE. (Genesis 2:1-3)

Elohim blessed the seventh day, not just any seventh day, but a specific day that needs to be valued and recognized as holy.

    No plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for YAH Elohim had not caused it to rain on the earth. There was not a man to till the ground, (Genesis 2:5)
    YAH Elohim formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. (Genesis 2:7)

YAH created man to till the ground, he was to work for six days and rest on the seventh, literally take a breath. This was given to Adam, and everything given to Adam was passed to all mankind through his loins.

Let’s see what the nations say about Saturday.

Saturday

Seventh day of the week, named in honor of the Roman god Saturn. In Latin, Saturday was called dies Saturni; it was called Sater-daeg by the Anglo-Saxons. It is the holy day of the Israelites of the Old Testament and in Hebrew is called Sabbath, the only day of the week with a name, the rest being numbered. The word sabbath derives from the Hebrew word meaning “to rest or cease”; the Jews were enjoined from working on the seventh day. It begins at sunset Friday and lasts until sunset Saturday. In the early days of Christianity, the holy day gradually shifted to Sunday, which, as the first day, was deemed more appropriate since it was the day of the resurrection of Jesus Christ and the day on which creation began. (Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2006. © 1993-2005 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)
    "Remember the day of Sabbath, to keep it holy. You shall labor six days, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to YAH your Elohim. You shall not do any work in it, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your livestock, nor your stranger who is within your gates; for in six days YAH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore YAH blessed the day of Sabbath, and made it holy. (Exodus 20:8-11)
    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, "Speak also to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ’Most certainly you SHALL KEEP MY SABBATHS: FOR IT IS A SIGN BETWEEN ME AND YOU THROUGHOUT YOUR GENERATIONS; that you may know that I am YAH who sanctifies you. (Exodus 31:12-13)

Sabbaths is plural and it is referring to all the appointed times of Elohim, which includes Unleavened bread (first and last day), Pentecost, Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Tabernacles (first and last day), New Moons, and weekly Sabbath.

The Sabbath was given as a sign or mark between the Most High and his followers, if your not honoring the seventh day Sabbath and are giving honor and reverence to the first day, Sunday, there is no sign between you and the Most High, you bear a very different mark, you have associated yourself with the god of this world who has ordained Sunday as his day of worship.
    Therefore the children of Yisra’el shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. (Exodus 31:16)

The Sabbath was given as an everlasting contract.

    It is a sign between me and the children of Yisra’el forever; for in six days YAH made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.’" (Exodus 31:17)

Let’s see what the nations say about Sunday.

Sunday

First day of the week. Its English name and its German name ( Sonntag) are derived from the Latin dies solis, “sun’s day,” the name of a pagan Roman holiday. In the New Testament (see Revelation 1:10) it is called the Lord’s Day (Dominica in the Latin version), from which the name of Sunday is derived in Romance languages (French Dimanche; Italian Domenica; Spanish Domingo; Roman Duminica). In the early days of Christianity, Sunday began to replace the Sabbath and to be observed to honor the resurrection of Christ. Sunday was instituted as a day of rest, consecrated especially to the service of God, by the Roman emperor Constantine the Great. Since the 4th century, ecclesiastical and civil legislation has frequently regulated work on Sunday and service attendance. In the United States, laws limiting business activity and amusements on Sundays have become known as blue laws. (Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2006. © 1993-2005 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)

The historical records shows that Sunday was ordained as a day of rest by Constantine the great in the 4th century, this was never ordained by the Most High and to this day serves as a mark of the world system.

Sunday Historically

The name Sunday is derived from pagan sources. Dividing the calendar into seven-day weeks was the work of Babylonian astrologers. From them the plan went into Egypt, where the days were named for planets, one for the sun. By 250 A.D. this method of reckoning time had become well established throughout the civilized world. (Cassius, Hist. Of Rome, 37:18). After Christianity had been planted in northern Europe, the Teutonic people substituted the names of their gods for Egyptian titles, so we have Tiwes-day {Tuesday}, Wodens’ Day {Wednesday} and Thor’s Day {Thursday}. But the first day continued to be called Sun’s Day, largely because Emperor Constantine by royal decree in 321 made it “Solis Day”, day of the sun [in honor of the god Sol] (Zondervan’s Pictorial Bible Dictionary Copyright 1963,64,67).

 

Sunday worship is a Catholic institution, a traditional paganistic holiday. Protestants who profess that they are true Christians and not Catholics, are in fact Catholics but with different and varying names to show their contention with the Catholic dogma, but yet she (protestants) holds to the theme of her theology, which is Sunday convocation established by the Catholics with antithetical views of the Most Highs commandments to nullify his laws, so that we might worship Helel through these antithetical practices, such as breaking the fourth commandment "Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it Holy! Not to remember a Sabbath day, but THE Sabbath Day (Saturday).

“Sunday is founded, not on Scripture, but on tradition, and is distinctly a Catholic institution. As there is no Scripture for the transfer of the day of rest from the last to the first day of the week, Protestants ought to keep their Sabbath on Saturday and thus leave Catholics in full possession of Sunday.” — (Catholic Record, September 17, 1891).

Calendar

Rome under Emperor Constantine the Great. A builder and a conqueror like Caesar, Constantine embraced a new religion, Christianity, which he turned into the state religion of Rome. Intending to launch a reordering of politics and religion, he also sought to reorder time by transforming the Julian calendar into the official calendar of the church. The essential structure of the calendar remained the same, but the details changed. The new calendar introduced a new set of holidays and festivals, including, in AD 321, the designation of Sunday as a state-sanctioned day of rest and worship. This officially established the seven- day week for the first time in the Roman Empire, and eventually this seven-day week was adopted throughout the world.

Constantine also set in motion a profound shift from Caesar’s science-based calendar to one gradually controlled by the powerful Catholic Church. As the political and economic might of Rome collapsed into chaos, the Roman imperial calendar became the sacred calendar of the church. No one dared challenge this system of dates because it was believed to be ordained by God—even if it was off by 11 minutes and 14 seconds a year.

Pope Gregory Calendar Reform

It took another three centuries before the Catholic Church was forced to admit that the calendar was defective and to fix it. By this time the 11-minute gap in the Julian, or Roman, calendar that the church had inherited had accrued to more than ten days, so that the true spring equinox, for example, fell on March 11 instead of its calendar date of March 21. Change finally came on the chilly morning of February 24, 1582, when Pope Gregory XIII signed an edict restoring Europe’s calendar to a proper alignment with the solar year.

At the heart of Gregory’s reform was something called the leap century rule. Under this rule, all century years divisible by 400 are leap years. So the year 2000 was designated a leap year, but 1700, 1800, and 1900 were not. This rule compensated for the 11-minute drift of the Julian calendar year. Gregory repaired the ten-day rift by ordering his own version of Caesar’s Year of Confusion, removing the extra days to restore time to its proper place. The cut occurred in October 1582, when Tuesday the 4th was followed not by Wednesday the 5th but by Wednesday the 15th. (Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2006. © 1993-2005 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)

The pagans love the gods they worship, they may not consider them such, however nonetheless they have marked themselves by adopting the worlds system and signs rather than adhering to what has been ordained by the Most High Elohim, who gave us the moons lunar cycles for our calendar and specific fixed times to adhere to as a sign between him and his people. What sign do you carry?
    "I have heard the murmurings of the children of Yisra’el. Speak to them, saying, ’At evening you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread: and you shall know that I am YAH your Elohim.’" It happened at evening that quail came up and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay around the camp. When the dew that lay had gone, behold, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round thing, small as the frost on the ground. When the children of Yisra’el saw it, they said one to another, "What is it?" For they didn’t know what it was. Moshe said to them, "It is the bread which YAH has given you to eat." This is the thing which YAH has commanded: "Gather of it everyone according to his eating; an omer a head, according to the number of your persons, shall you take it, every man for those who are in his tent." The children of Yisra’el did so, and gathered some more, some less. When they measured it with an omer, he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack. They gathered every man according to his eating. Moshe said to them, "Let no one leave of it until the morning." Notwithstanding they didn’t listen to Moshe, but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and became foul: and Moshe was angry with them. They gathered it morning by morning, everyone according to his eating. When the sun grew hot, it melted. It happened that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one, and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moshe. He said to them, "This is that which YAH has spoken, ’Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to YAH. Bake that which you want to bake, and boil that which you want to boil; and all that remains over lay up for yourselves to be kept until the morning.’" (Exodus 16:12-23)

Manna preparation was very laborious, so they were to gather twice as much on the day before Sabbath and prepare food for both days, this was the only day YAH allowed them to gather more than the days worth without it going bad. This was a very laborious and time-consuming task which could not be done on the Sabbath without breaking the ordinances governing the day.

    They laid it up until the morning, as Moshe asked, and it didn’t become foul, neither was there any worm in it. Moshe said, "Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to YAH. Today you shall not find it in the field. Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath. In it there shall be none." It happened on the seventh day, that some of the people went out to gather, and they found none. YAH said to Moshe, "HOW LONG DO YOU REFUSE TO KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS AND MY LAWS? (Exodus 16:24-28)

After all that was commanded by YAH concerning Sabbath there were still people who went out to gather on the seventh day. So what were the commandments given, the people were told to gather double on the sixth day, the day of preparation, and not to gather or do any laborious tasks on the Sabbath.

    Behold, because YAH HAS GIVEN YOU THE SABBATH, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Everyone stay in his place. Let no one go out of his place on the seventh day." (Exodus 16:29)

YAH gave us the Sabbath, he gave us this day, with the commandment that we do no laborious work. This was all ordained before the Levitical order.

Were looking at many of the scriptures that people who keep the Sabbath hold to the letter without a full understanding of the context and time it applied. For example there are numerous tasks that were very laborious several hundred years ago that are not today. The Sabbath ordinances speak of work and laborious tasks, so it is feasible that something that would not have been accepted in the times of antiquity is no longer a laborious task today because of improvements in technology.
    You shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations on the day of Sabbath.’" (Exodus 35:3)

Many would say we can’t cook on the Sabbath, however what if it is freezing outside, is it ok to turn on the heat, which is kindling a fire? We need to use common sense, Sabbath was not given to us as a burden, it was given to liberate us. At the time this scripture was written almost every requirement was servile or laborious to live, there was no electronics or any of the modern conveniences that we have today, so the Most High stressed the importance of preparing ahead and resting on Sabbath, which means literally to take a breath.

    For if WE SIN WILLFULLY after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more a sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and a fierceness of fire which will devour the adversaries. A man who disregards the Torah of Moshe DIES WITHOUT COMPASSION ON THE WORD OF TWO OR THREE WITNESSES. (Hebrews 10:26-28)

Let’s look at an example.

    If one person sins unwittingly, then he shall offer a female goat a year old for a sin offering. The Priest shall make atonement for the soul who errs, when he sins unwittingly, before YAH, to make atonement for him; and he shall be forgiven. (Numbers 15:27-28)

Sins done unwittingly or in ignorance will be forgiven, because the person just didn’t know it was wrong. YAH is a merciful deity that commanded us to be merciful.

    You shall have one law for him who does anything unwittingly, for him who is native-born among the children of Yisra’el, and for the stranger who lives as a foreigner among them. (Numbers 15:29)

This is for everyone, not just Yisrael but also the stranger who dwells amongst them.

    But the soul who does anything with a high hand, whether he is native-born or a foreigner, the same blasphemes YAH; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. (Numbers 15:30)

Presumptuous or high-handed means to rise, rise up, be high, be lofty, to be exalted, to be set on high and to exalt ones self. So to operate in presumption or high handedness is to exalt oneself against Elohim and his precepts.

Cut off is another way of saying killed.
    Because he has despised the word of YAH, and has broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his lawlessness shall be on him. While the children of Yisra’el were in the wilderness, THEY FOUND A MAN GATHERING STICKS ON THE DAY OF SABBATH. (Numbers 15:31-32)

The scripture gives a very descriptive result of sinning presumptuously, it goes on to talk about a man caught gathering sticks on the Sabbath, in context the man must have been acting presumptuously, putting himself over the precepts that YAH set forth for this day. So this man was doing laborious work that was not related to anything that would be required for self preservation, like starting a fire because it’s cold, most likely his job was related to gathering sticks, such as a hewer of wood.

    Those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moshe and Aharon, and to all the congregation. They put him in custody, because it had not been declared what should be done to him. YAH said to Moshe, The man shall surely be put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones outside of the camp. (Numbers 15:33-35)

He was sentenced to death because he was presumptuous, he exalted himself intentionally against the most high, he was defiant.

    If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day; and call the Sabbath a delight, [and] the holy of YAH honorable; and shall honor it, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking [your own] words: (Isaiah 58:13)

This is where most of the doctrines on what you can and cannot do on the Sabbath in regards to pleasure are derived. This verse is not found in the law according to the instructions, but it’s found in the testimony by way of the prophets. One thing it is essential we do with all scripture to understand properly how it applies is to keep it in context. This verse is talking about a Sabbath however there are nine Sabbath convocations we were commanded to keep, the seven appointed Sabbaths, Weekly Sabbath, and New Moons. So to understand this verse lets look at the proceeding scripture.

    Cry aloud, don’t spare, lift up your voice like a shofar, and declare to my people their disobedience, and to the house of Jacob their sins. Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways: as a nation that did righteousness, and didn’t forsake the ordinance of their Elohim, they ask of me righteous judgments; they delight to draw near to Elohim. WHY HAVE WE FASTED, [SAY THEY], AND YOU DON’T SEE? [WHY] HAVE WE AFFLICTED OUR SOUL, and you take no knowledge? Behold, IN THE DAY OF YOUR FAST YOU FIND [YOUR OWN] PLEASURE, AND EXACT ALL YOUR LABORS. (Isaiah 58:1-3)

There is only one of the nine Sabbaths we were commanded to afflict our soul and fast, which is Yom Kippur, the day of atonement, the Holiest day of the year. This is the only Sabbath that mandated we do no manner of work or pleasure under penalty of death. The only excuse for not adhering to the ordinances governing this day is a necessity of life, a life risk situation.

    If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day; and call the Sabbath a delight, [and] the holy of YAH honorable; and shall honor it, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking [your own] words: then shall you delight yourself in YAH; and I will make you to ride on the high places of the earth; and I will feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father: for the mouth of YAH has spoken it. (Isaiah 58:13-14)

So the Holy day were not to do our pleasure on is Yom Kippur, because the scripture says that it is a day of mourning and affliction, where we offer ourselves up for a sacrifice to the most high by afflicting our souls by fasting food and all forms of pleasure. It is the only day in the year that the priest stands before the most high to petition on our behalf for the trespasses that were committed throughout the year.

    Remember me, my Elohim, concerning this, and don’t wipe out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my Elohim, and for the observances of it. (Nehemiah 13:14)

Nehemiah is a zealot coming out of Babylonian captivity along with Ezra and there returning to Jerusalem to rebuild and re-establish it according to Torah.

    In those days saw I in Judah some men treading winepresses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading donkeys [therewith]; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Yerushalayim on the day of Sabbath: and I testified [against them] in the day in which they sold food. (Nehemiah 13:15)

Nehemiah saw that the Hebrews were not keeping the Sabbath, they were treating it like any other day. They were doing all manner of burdens and selling goods to make money.

    There lived men of Tzor also therein, who brought in fish, and all manner of wares, and sold on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Yerushalayim. Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, What evil thing is this that you do, and profane the day of Sabbath? (Nehemiah 13:16-17)

Nehemiah confronted the leaders of Judah asking them why they profane the day of Sabbath by doing laborious tasks.

    Didn’t your fathers do thus, and did not our Elohim bring all this evil on us, and on this city? yet you bring more wrath on Yisra’el by profaning the Sabbath. It came to pass that, when the gates of Yerushalayim began to be dark before the Sabbath, I commanded that the doors should be shut, and commanded that they should not be opened until after the Sabbath: and some of my servants set I over the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the day of Sabbath. So the merchants and sellers of all kind of wares lodged outside of Yerushalayim once or twice. Then I testified against them, and said to them, Why lodge you about the wall? if you do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the Sabbath. (Nehemiah 13:18-21)

So Nehemiah had the valiant men of Yisrael monitoring the gate to keep the street merchants out of the city on the Sabbath. The merchants tried to sell food just outside the gate, however Nehemiah threatened to take physical action if they continued to come.

    He entered again into the synagogue, and there was a man there who had his hand withered. They watched him, whether he would heal him on the day of Sabbath, that they might accuse him. He said to the man who had his hand withered, "Stand up." He said to them, "Is it lawful on the day of Sabbath to do good, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?" But they were silent. When he had looked around at them with anger, being grieved at the hardening of their hearts, he said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." He stretched it out, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other. (Mark 3:1-5)
    It happened that he was going on the day of Sabbath through the grain fields, and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of grain. (Mark 2:23)

They were plucking the heads and rolling it in there hands to extract the barley seed, because they were hungry.

    The Pharisees said to him, "Behold, why do they do that which is not lawful on the day of Sabbath?" He said to them, "Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry--he, and those who were with him? How he entered into the house of Elohim when Avyatar was Priest Gadol, and ate the show bread, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests, and gave also to those who were with him?" (Mark 2:24-26)

According to the letter of the law eating the show bread was unlawful, however the principal of life is to live. There is mercy for matters concerning the necessities of life.

    He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. (Mark 2:27)

The Sabbath was given to and made for all the descendants of Adam.

    Behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and she was bent over, and could in no way straighten herself up. When Yahshua saw her, he called her, and said to her, "Woman, you are freed from your infirmity." He laid his hands on her, and immediately she stood up straight, and glorified Elohim. The ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Yahshua had healed on the Sabbath, said to the multitude, "There are six days in which men ought to work. Therefore come on those days and be healed, and not on the day of Sabbath!" Therefore the Master answered him, "You hypocrites! DOESN’T EACH ONE OF YOU FREE HIS OX OR HIS DONKEY FROM THE STALL ON THE SABBATH, AND LEAD HIM AWAY TO WATER? OUGHT NOT THIS WOMAN, BEING A DAUGHTER OF ABRAHAM, WHOM HASATAN HAD BOUND EIGHTEEN LONG YEARS, BE FREED FROM THIS BONDAGE ON THE DAY OF SABBATH?" As he said these things, all his adversaries were disgraced, and all the multitude rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him. (Luke 13:11-17)
    It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him. Behold, a certain man who had dropsy was in front of him. Yahshua, answering, spoke to the Torah scholars and Pharisees, saying, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?" But they were silent. He took him, and healed him, and let him go. He answered them, "Which of you, if your son or an ox fell into a well, wouldn’t immediately pull him out on a Sabbath day?" They couldn’t answer him regarding these things. (Luke 14:1-6)

The Sabbath was given to liberate, by providing a time of rest and relaxation, it was never meant to be imposed as a burden. If a life necessity arises it is ok to respond to it on the Sabbath.

    The Hebrews therefore marveled, saying, "How does this man know letters, having never been educated?" Yahshua therefore answered them, "My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me. If anyone desires to do his will, he will know about the teaching, whether it is from Elohim, or if I am speaking from myself. He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory, but he who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and no unrighteousness is in him. Didn’t Moshe give you the Torah, and yet none of you keeps the Torah? Why do you seek to kill me?" The multitude answered, "You have a demon! Who seeks to kill you?" Yahshua answered them, "I did one work, and you all marvel because of it. Moshe has given you circumcision (not that it is of Moshe, but of the fathers), and on the Sabbath you circumcise a boy. (John 7:15-22)

They had a problem with Yahshua healing on the Sabbath, however they would circumcise on the Sabbath. Yahshua made a comparison when he said Moshe didn’t give circumcision but the father, so if circumcision is ok, then healing is ok because that is of the father also.

    If a boy receives circumcision on the Sabbath, that the Torah of Moshe may not be broken, are you angry with me, because I made a man every bit whole on the Sabbath? Don’t judge according to appearance, BUT JUDGE RIGHTEOUS JUDGMENT." (John 7:23-24)

Righteous judgement for what is done on the Sabbath goes to the intent of the individual. In other words is there something that you need to do on the Sabbath that could not wait until another day of the week, and would the act be being done presumptuously. We should not judge the act according to appearance but righteously. The law is not subjective, but we do need to understand what the most high is saying in its contextual setting. We are to avoid laborious tasks and things work related, unless something arises that is a absolute necessity of life.

Let’s look at 39 Prohibitions the Pharasees enforced on the Sabbath
  1. Sowing;
  2. Plowing;
  3. Reaping;
  4. Binding sheaves;
  5. Threshing;
  6. Winnowing;
  7. Selecting, cleansing;
  8. Grinding;
  9. Sifting;
  10. Kneading;
  11. Baking;
  12. Shearing wool;
  13. Washing wool;
  14. Beating wool;
  15. Dyeing wool;
  16. Spinning;
  17. Weaving;
  18. Making two loops;
  19. Weaving two threads;
  20. Separating two threads;
  21. Tying;
  22. Untying;
  23. Sewing stitches;
  24. Tearing;
  25. Trapping;
  26. Slaughtering;
  27. Flaying;
  28. Tanning;
  29. Scraping hide;
  30. Marking hides;
  31. Cutting hide to shape;
  32. Writing two or more letters;
  33. Erasing two or more letters;
  34. Building;
  35. Demolishing;
  36. Extinguishing a fire;
  37. Kindling a fire;
  38. Putting the finishing touch on an object;
  39. Transporting an object between a private domain and the public domain, or for a distance of 4 cubits within the public domain;

Each of these chief enactments was further discussed and elaborated so actually there was several hundred things a conscientious law abiding Hebrew could not do on the Sabbath. For Example the prohibition about tying a knot was much two general so it became necessary to state what kinds of knots were prohibited and what kinds were not. It was accordingly laid down that the only allowable knots were those that could be untied with one hand. The prohibition concerning writing on the Sabbath was further defined as follows, he who writes two letters with his right or left hand, whether of one kind or two, or written with different ink, or languages is guilty. In other words the writing of two letters under any circumstances was unlawful on the Sabbath unless it was not permanent. So the task can require the same amount of labor, if it’s permanent it was unlawful, if it was in the sand or written on something that could be erased, it was ok. Much more could be said how every little thing became an issue, and how it placed a heavy burden on the people. These were traditions of men and had no foundation in the law. This is one of the reason many were excited about Yahshua’s teaching because it liberated them from the foolish ordinances of man.

What did Yahshua say?
    He said, "Woe to you Torah scholars also! For you load men with burdens that are difficult to carry, and you yourselves won’t even lift one finger to help carry those burdens. (Luke 11:46)

The Scholars were amending and appending the statutes of the most high and they themselves were unable to keep them.

Where were believers on the Sabbath
    He came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. He entered, as was his custom, into the synagogue on the day of Sabbath, and stood up to read. (Luke 4:16)
    He came down to Peterr-Nachum, a city of the Galil. He was teaching them on the day of Sabbath, (Luke 4:31)
    It also happened on another Sabbath that he entered into the synagogue and taught. There was a man there, and his right hand was withered. (Luke 6:6)
    When the Sabbath had come, he began to teach in the synagogue, and many hearing him were astonished, saying, "Where did this man get these things?" and, "What is the wisdom that is given to this man, that such mighty works come about by his hands? (Mark 6:2)
    He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the day of Sabbath. (Luke 13:10)
    But they, passing on from Perga, came to Antioch of Pisidia. They went into the synagogue on the day of Sabbath, and sat down. After the reading of the Torah and the Prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent to them, saying, "Brothers, if you have any word of exhortation for the people, speak." (Acts 13:14-15)
    For those who dwell in Yerushalayim, and their rulers, because they didn’t know him, nor the voices of the prophets which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled them by condemning him. (Acts 13:27)
    So when the Hebrews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. (Acts 13:42)
    The next Sabbath almost the whole city was gathered together to hear the word of Elohim. (Acts 13:44)
    For Moshe from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath." (Acts 15:21)

Those who teach the law, did it on the Sabbath or seventh day.

    On the day of Sabbath we went forth outside of the city by a riverside, where we supposed there was a place of prayer, and we sat down, and spoke to the women who had come together. (Acts 16:13)

Whenever a synagogue was not available they chose other locations such as riverbanks, they always met on the Sabbath, a convocation was required under the laws of Elohim.

    Sha’ul, as was his custom, went in to them, and for three Sabbath days reasoned with them from the Scriptures, (Acts 17:2)

Not only did we read it was Yahshua’s custom to keep the Sabbath, it was also Sha’ul’s custom.

    He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded Jews and Greeks. (Acts 18:4)

Gentile believers were also in the synagogue every Sabbath day.

Yahshua is going to be ascending soon and Jerusalem is going to be destroyed, notice what he says:
    Pray that your flight will not be in the winter, nor on a Sabbath, (Matthew 24:20)

Yahshua understood the purpose of the Sabbath, he hollowed and reverenced the day because it was given and sanctified by the father. He was saying pray you don’t have to go in the winter, because its cold, or on the Sabbath.

 

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